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Bosons

Bosons are wave packets caused by vibrations and rotations of the composing particles of an atom.

Below a schematic structure of an H atom, showing how photons, gluons, neutrinos and W/Z bosons are related to the corresponding situation within the atom.

Wave packets have a mass (volume) if they push z particles apart, and cause a reduced local time rhythm.

Wave packets have a charge if their average time-rhythm is not equal to the local time-rhythm.

Figure: Bosons