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Elastic Time Theory

The idea behind the Elastic Time Theory is that in origin there were zero space-time points only.
These 'z-spots' were conserved after the addition of one dimension: time.
Simultaneously with the addition of the time dimension, the elastic properties of time caused the space dimensions. The Elastic Time Theory assumes that empty space is filled with 'zero-spacetime spots' or 'z-spots'. The distance between z-spots is in the magnitude of of 10^-24 m (see ETT formula 77) and thus far smaller than the smallest known elementary particles.

The volume around a z-spot, where the time-thythm goes from 0 to (close to) 1 'beat per second' is called  'z-particle'. At the center of each z particle the time stands still. At the halfway distance between two z particles the time-rhythm is the local time-rhythm. At the surface of the Earth, the local time rhythm is by definition 1 beat per second.

The Elastic Time Theory knows only two elementary physical quantities. Time-rhythm expressed in 'beats per second' symbolised by 'b' and distances expressed in meters or 'm'. All formulas describing this theory are expressed in these two physical quantities: b and m.

The Elastic Time Theory assumes that the time-rhythm differences are not distributed evenly, but follow a pattern that is inversely proportional to the distance from the center. This means that the closer to the center the higher the time-rhythm differences.

This natural pattern is assumed to be inert, which means that it tries to repare itself if it is disturbed. Time inertia is the opposing force against a deviation from the natural time-rhythm distribution. This theory is named after these elastic properties of time.

Other assumed properties of time are:
- Time is future headed and is conserved. Time cannot be created or destroyed.
- A time difference causes a force called time-force. Time-force is the attraction of a point towards another point with lower time-rhythm.
- Within z-particles time causes a rotation while going from 0 to (close to) 1. This rotation of z particles causes other, massless particles to be propagated with the speed of light.

The Elastic Time Theory further assumes the existence of two particles t+ and t-, with properties as if they emerged from symmetrically split z particles.

By consequence of the Elastic Time Theory, electric charge, electric force, mass, gravitational force and energy are direct expressions of time-rhythm differences and distances. In other words, mass and electric charge are expressions of the same fenomenon: time-rhythm differences.

Matter consists of clustered z particles, t- and t+ particles.
Electrons are composed of three t- particles. Up quarks are composed of two t+ particles.
Protons and neutrons are rather complex compositions of z particles, t- and t+ particles. Atoms are made of various combinations of z, t- and t+ particles.

Since z particles are so small, they act like a fine gas filling the space between the atoms of an object. The denser the mass of an object, the more z particles are pushed away. Consequently, the density of z particles within a mass is lower than the density in empty space. Gravity is a consequence of the reduced time-rhythm within a mass in combination with the 'pressure' excercised by the increase z-density around a mass.

The theorized properties of time, z, t- and t+ particles are related to the known physical quanties by a set of equations and constants which are provided in the downloadable document ETT formulas.

The theory continues with an approach towards the clustering of particles and the composition of atoms. This approach is demonstrated on several web pages (see left hand menu) that are additional to the basic ETT formulas paper.

The clustering of elementary particles does not only depend on the interacting forces, but as well on the rotation direction. Like wheels in a gear box, the elementary particles will not cluster otherwise than the matching direction of their rotations would allow.

Following this approach, atoms could be flat structures, composed of alpha particles, deuterium particles and neutrons. Consequently atoms could be NOT like spheres with a nucleus and orbiting electrons.

Most resulting properties of atoms in the 'flat atoms approach' are identical to those in the 'spherical atoms approach'. The interaction of forces, wave emissions and absorbtions could be similar in both approaches.

The flat atoms approach makes it conceivable that deuterium particles could merge with Nickle Ni62 atoms at very low energy levels. Meaning, at energy levels far lower than would be needed following the spherical atoms approach.

Thus, the Elastic Time Theory could help understand and explain the energy excess resulting from LENR tests with Nickel and Palladium.